Nikko is home to some of Japan's greatest historic sites and is located just 80mi (128km) north of Tokyo. Over 1,200 years ago the Buddhist priest Shodo Shonin crossed the Daiya River on the Shin-kyo Bridgeon his way to Mount Nantai and founded the first temple in Nikko. The temple, Rinno-ji Temple, is known for its Sanbutsu-do (Three Buddha Hall). Centuries later, the city would become a renowned Buddhist-Shinto religious center. The warlord Tokugawa Ieyasu also chose the area for the site of his mausoleum. The mausoleum was built in 1634 by Iemitsu, Ieyasu's grandson, who wanted to impress rivals with the wealth and power of the Tokugawa clan. Now the city's name is synonymous with 'splendor.'
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